Ethiopia, with a surface area of about 1.2 million square kilometres
is a country of beauty of cultures, nature, landscapes and colourful
history. It is located in the east Africa better known as the horn
of Africa. Ethiopia is a very ancient country whose rich culture and
history goes back to pre-historic times. It is one of the countries
with the longest history in the world.
Archaeological findings have identified Ethiopia as one of the
cradles of mankind. The 4.4 million years skeleton of Ramidus, 3.5
million years old skeleton of Lucy and ancient cave paintings and
tools, are some of the evidences of its pre-historic glory.
The Ethiopian people diverse culture is manifested in various
languages, way of life customs etc. Over 80 languages are spoken in
the country. Amharic, Oromiffa and Tigrigna are the major languages
spoken by the majority of the populations. The major religions in
the country are Christianity and Islam, which are co-existed for the
Much of the country consists of high plateau and mountain ranges.
The rift valley separates the western and Eastern highlands. The
altitude makes her climate uniquely refreshing and mild from other
countries which are near to the equator. There are two distinct
seasons in Ethiopia, the dry season "Bega" which is the most parts
from October to May (mostly winter season in Europe) and rainy
season "keremt" from June to September (summer seasons in Europe).
Ethiopian economy is predominantly an agricultural, where
agriculture accounts the majority exports and employments. The main
exports are Coffee, Flowers , oilseeds ,Chat, pulses, hides and